Poco

class BinaryWriter

Library: Foundation
Package: Streams
Header: Poco/BinaryWriter.h

Description

This class writes basic types (and std::vectors of these) in binary form into an output stream. It provides an inserter-based interface similar to ostream. The writer also supports automatic conversion from big-endian (network byte order) to little-endian and vice-versa. Use a BinaryReader to read from a stream created by a BinaryWriter. Be careful when exchanging data between systems with different data type sizes (e.g., 32-bit and 64-bit architectures), as the sizes of some of the basic types may be different. For example, writing a long integer on a 64-bit system and reading it on a 32-bit system may yield an incorrent result. Use fixed-size types (Int32, Int64, etc.) in such a case.

Inheritance

Known Derived Classes: BasicMemoryBinaryWriter

Member Summary

Member Functions: bad, byteOrder, fail, flush, good, operator <<, stream, write7BitEncoded, writeBOM, writeRaw

Enumerations

StreamByteOrder

NATIVE_BYTE_ORDER = 1

the host's native byte-order

BIG_ENDIAN_BYTE_ORDER = 2

big-endian (network) byte-order

NETWORK_BYTE_ORDER = 2

big-endian (network) byte-order

LITTLE_ENDIAN_BYTE_ORDER = 3

little-endian byte-order

Constructors

BinaryWriter

BinaryWriter(
    std::ostream & ostr,
    StreamByteOrder byteOrder = NATIVE_BYTE_ORDER
);

Creates the BinaryWriter.

BinaryWriter

BinaryWriter(
    std::ostream & ostr,
    TextEncoding & encoding,
    StreamByteOrder byteOrder = NATIVE_BYTE_ORDER
);

Creates the BinaryWriter using the given TextEncoding.

Strings will be converted from the currently set global encoding (see Poco::TextEncoding::global()) to the specified encoding.

Destructor

~BinaryWriter

~BinaryWriter();

Destroys the BinaryWriter.

Member Functions

bad inline

bool bad();

Returns _ostr.bad();

byteOrder inline

StreamByteOrder byteOrder() const;

Returns the byte ordering used by the writer, which is either BIG_ENDIAN_BYTE_ORDER or LITTLE_ENDIAN_BYTE_ORDER.

fail inline

bool fail();

Returns _ostr.fail();

flush

void flush();

Flushes the underlying stream.

good inline

bool good();

Returns _ostr.good();

operator <<

BinaryWriter & operator << (
    bool value
);

operator <<

BinaryWriter & operator << (
    char value
);

operator <<

BinaryWriter & operator << (
    unsigned char value
);

operator <<

BinaryWriter & operator << (
    signed char value
);

operator <<

BinaryWriter & operator << (
    short value
);

operator <<

BinaryWriter & operator << (
    unsigned short value
);

operator <<

BinaryWriter & operator << (
    int value
);

operator <<

BinaryWriter & operator << (
    unsigned int value
);

operator <<

BinaryWriter & operator << (
    long value
);

operator <<

BinaryWriter & operator << (
    unsigned long value
);

operator <<

BinaryWriter & operator << (
    float value
);

operator <<

BinaryWriter & operator << (
    double value
);

operator <<

BinaryWriter & operator << (
    const std::string & value
);

operator <<

BinaryWriter & operator << (
    const char * value
);

operator << inline

template < typename T > BinaryWriter & operator << (
    const std::vector < T > & value
);

stream inline

std::ostream & stream() const;

Returns the underlying stream.

write7BitEncoded

void write7BitEncoded(
    UInt32 value
);

Writes a 32-bit unsigned integer in a compressed format. The value is written out seven bits at a time, starting with the seven least-significant bits. The high bit of a byte indicates whether there are more bytes to be written after this one. If value will fit in seven bits, it takes only one byte of space. If value will not fit in seven bits, the high bit is set on the first byte and written out. value is then shifted by seven bits and the next byte is written. This process is repeated until the entire integer has been written.

write7BitEncoded

void write7BitEncoded(
    UInt64 value
);

Writes a 64-bit unsigned integer in a compressed format. The value written out seven bits at a time, starting with the seven least-significant bits. The high bit of a byte indicates whether there are more bytes to be written after this one. If value will fit in seven bits, it takes only one byte of space. If value will not fit in seven bits, the high bit is set on the first byte and written out. value is then shifted by seven bits and the next byte is written. This process is repeated until the entire integer has been written.

writeBOM

void writeBOM();

Writes a byte-order mark to the stream. A byte order mark is a 16-bit integer with a value of 0xFEFF, written in host byte-order. A BinaryReader uses the byte-order mark to determine the byte-order of the stream.

writeRaw

void writeRaw(
    const std::string & rawData
);

Writes the string as-is to the stream.

writeRaw

void writeRaw(
    const char * buffer,
    std::streamsize length
);

Writes length raw bytes from the given buffer to the stream.