Open Service Platform

OSP Bundle Creator

The Bundle Creator Tool

The Bundle Creator Tool is used to create Zip-compressed bundle files, using a bundle specification file as input. While bundles can also be created manually, by building a well-defined directory hierarchy and optionally packing it into a Zip file with an utility like WinZip, creating bundle files in a fully automated way is far less error prone.

The Bundle Specification File

To know what to do, the Bundle Creator Tool needs a bundle specification file as input. A bundle specification file usually has the extension <[.bndlspec, although this is not mandatory.

The bundle specification file contains the necessary information to build the bundle's manifest, a list of all shared libraries that become part of the bundle, and a list of all resource and data files that become part of the bundle. A simple XML file format is used.

Following is an example for a bundle specification file:

<bundlespec>
    <manifest>
        <name>Greeter Sample</name>
        <symbolicName>com.appinf.osp.samples.greeter</symbolicName>
        <version>1.0.0</version>
        <vendor>Applied Informatics</vendor>
        <copyright>(c) Applied Informatics Software Engineering GmbH</copyright>
        <activator>
            <class>GreeterBundleActivator</class>
            <library>Greeter</library>
        </activator>
        <lazyStart>false</lazyStart>
        <runLevel>400</runLevel>
        <dependency>
            <symbolicName>com.appinf.osp.samples.greetingservice</symbolicName>
            <version>1.0.0</version>
        </dependency>
    </manifest>
    <code>
        bin/*.dll,
        bin/*.pdb,
        bin/${osName}/${osArch}/*.so,
        bin/${osName}/${osArch}/*.dylib
    </code>
    <files>
    </files>
</bundlespec>

Bundle Specification Elements

The bundlespec Element

The bundlespec element is the XML root element in a bundle specification. It is mandatory.

The manifest Element

The manifest element is used to specify the bundle's manifest data. It is mandatory.

The name Element

The name element specifies the bundle's user-readable name. It is mandatory. Instead of a fixed name, the name element can contain a reference to a bundle property (e.g., <[${bundleName}). This property must be defined in the bundle's bundle.properties file.

The symbolicName Element

The symbolicName element specifies the bundle's symbolic name. Is is mandatory.

The version Element

The version element specifies the bundle's version. Is is mandatory.

The vendor Element

The vendor element specifies the name of the organization providing the bundle. It is optional. Instead of a fixed name, the vendor element can contain a reference to a bundle property (e.g., <[${vendorName}). This property must be defined in the bundle's bundle.properties file.

The copyright Element

The copyright element specifies the bundle's copyright information. It is optional. Instead of a fixed string, the copyright element can contain a reference to a bundle property (e.g., <[${copyrightInfo}). This property must be defined in the bundle's bundle.properties file.

The activator Element

The activator element specifies the name of the class implementing the bundle's activator in the class sub element, and optionally the name of the shared library containing the bundle activator in the library subelement. The extension of the shared library (e.g., <[.dll or <[.so must be omitted from the library name. The element is optional.

The lazyStart Element

The lazyStart element specifies whether lazy start should be enabled for the bundle. It is optional. Valid values are true or false.

The preventUninstall Element

The optional preventUninstall element specifies whether the bundle should prevent being uninstalled at run-time. Valid values are true or false.

The runLevel Element

The runLevel element specifies the bundle's run level. It is optional.

The dependency Element

The dependency element specifies the bundles that this bundle requires to function. The symbolic name of a required bundle is specified in the symbolicName sub element. The required version of the bundle is specified in the version sub element.

The dependency element can occur zero or more times.

The module Element

The module element specifies the modules that this bundle provides. The symbolic name of a provided module is specified in the symbolicName sub element. The provided version of the module is specified in the version sub element.

The module element can occur zero or more times.

The module-dependency Element

The module-dependency element specifies the modules that this bundle requires to function. The symbolic name of a required module is specified in the symbolicName sub element. The required version of the module is specified in the version sub element.

The module-dependency element can occur zero or more times.

The extends Element

The optional extends element makes the bundle an extension bundle and specifies the bundle that this bundle extends. The symbolic name of the extended bundle must be specified in the element.

The extends element can occur at most once.

The code Element

The code element contains a comma-separated list of shared libraries that must be part of the bundle. Glob expressions (see Poco::Glob) can be used. Also, the properties osName and osArch can be used.

Shared libraries that cannot be found are ignored. This allows you to use the same bundle specification on different platforms.

This element is optional.

If the --code (or /code) option is specified on the command-line when invoking the Bundle Creator tool, the value specified on the command-line fully overrides this element.

The files Element

The files element contains a comma-separated list of files that must be part of the bundle. Glob expressions (see Poco::Glob) can be used. Directories are copied recursively.

This element is optional.

Invoking the Bundle Creator Tool

The Bundle Creator Tool takes the file name of the Bundle Specification file as argument. Optionally, the <[/output (Windows) or <[--output/<[-o (Unix) option can be used to specify the directory where the bundle file should be created. The following command-line options are supported:

  • -h, --help, /help: Display help information on command line arguments.
  • -o <dir>, --output-dir <dir>, /output-dir=<dir>: Specify the directory where the bundle is saved.
  • -k, --keep-bundle-dir, /keep-bundle-dir: Keep intermediary bundle directory.
  • -d, --bundle-dir-only, --bundle-dir-only: Create bundle directory only, no bundle (.bndl) file (implies -d).
  • -n <osname>, --osname <osname>, /osname=<osname>: Specify default target operating system name (e.g., "Linux"). This is mostly useful when cross-compiling.
  • -a <osarch>, --osarch <osarch>, /osarch=<osarch>: Specify default target operating system architecture (e.g., "x86_64" or "armv7l").
  • -N [<extensions>], --no-deflate [<extensions>], /no-deflate[=<extensions>]: Do not compress (deflate) files in bundle file. If a comma-separated list of extensions is specified, only files with these extensions are stored uncompressed.
  • -v <version>, --version <version>, /version=<version>: Specify default bundle version, e.g. "1.0.0", to be used if the bundle specification file does not have one.
  • -D <name>=<value>, --define <name>=<value>, /define=<name>=<value>: Define a configuration property. A configuration property defined with this option can be referenced in the bundle specification file, using the following syntax: ${<name>}.
  • -c <glob>{;<glob>}, --code <glob>{;<glob>}, /code=<glob>{;<glob>}: Specify executable files to include in the bundle's bin directory. If specified, overrides the <code> element in the bundle specification file. Value is a comma- or semicolon-separated list of file names or glob expressions. Can be specified multiple times.

Invoking the Bundle Creator Tool from Visual Studio

It is convenient to invoke the Bundle Creator Tool directly from Visual Studio, as part of the bundle's build process. To do this, add a command that invokes the Bundle Creator Tool to the Post-Build Event of the project, as shown below.

Bundle Creator and Visual Studio

Invoking the Bundle Creator Tool from a Makefile

The Bundle Creator tool can be invoked from a Makefile platforms as part of the build process. If the GNU Make based build system from the POCO C++ Libraries is used, the Bundle Creator tool invocation can be done as a post-build step. A post-build step can be defined by assigning a command to the postbuild Make variable, as shown below.

include $(POCO_BASE)/build/rules/global
include $(POCO_BASE)/OSP/BundleCreator/BundleCreator.make

objects = Greeter

target         = com.appinf.osp.samples.greeter
target_version = 1
target_libs    = PocoOSP PocoUtil PocoXML PocoFoundation

postbuild      = $(BUNDLE_TOOL) -o../bundles Greeter.bndlspec

include $(POCO_BASE)/build/rules/dylib

Invoking the Bundle Creator Tool from CMake

As part of the CMake build system support, a custom function poco_osp_bundle is provided, which takes care of invoking the Bundle Creator Tool appropriately. The function is defined in PocoOSPHelpers.cmake, which can be found in the top-level cmake directory. An example CMakeLists.txt for building a bundle is shown below:

set(TARGET "com.appinf.osp.samples.servicelistener")
set(BUNDLE_SPEC "${CMAKE_CURRENT_SOURCE_DIR}/ServiceListener.bndlspec")

set(TARGET_BINDIR ${CMAKE_CURRENT_BINARY_DIR}/bin/$<CONFIG>)
set(BUNDLE_DIR ${CMAKE_BINARY_DIR}/bundles)

# Sources
file(GLOB SRCS "src/*.cpp")

# Dynamic Library
add_library(${TARGET} MODULE ${SRCS})
set_target_properties(${TARGET}
    PROPERTIES
    LIBRARY_OUTPUT_DIRECTORY "${TARGET_BINDIR}"
    PREFIX ""
)

# On macOS, use .dylib instead of .so
if(${CMAKE_SYSTEM_NAME} STREQUAL "Darwin")
    set_target_properties(${TARGET} PROPERTIES SUFFIX ".dylib")
endif()

target_link_libraries(${TARGET} Poco::OSP Poco::Zip Poco::Util Poco::XML Poco::JSON Poco::Foundation)

# Build Bundle
add_dependencies(${TARGET} BundleCreator)
poco_osp_bundle(${TARGET}-bundle
    DEPENDS ${LIBNAME} ${TARGET}
    SPEC ${BUNDLE_SPEC}
    CODE $<TARGET_FILE:${TARGET}>
    DESTINATION ${BUNDLE_DIR}
)

install(
    DIRECTORY ${BUNDLE_DIR}
    DESTINATION lib${LIB_SUFFIX}/bundles
)

With CMake, it's recommended to specify the binaries that should go into the bundle on the command-line and not in the bundle specification file's <code> element, as shown in the above example. Note that the above CMakeLists.txt file is intended to be referenced by a higher-level CMakeLists.txt, which would also include the PocoOSPHelpers.cmake file containing the poco_osp_bundle function.

Bundles and Cross-Compiling for Embedded Linux

When building bundles for a target system with a different processor architecture than the host system (cross-compiling), a few things must be taken care of. First, inside a bundle, executable code (shared libraries) are stored in a directory with the path bin/<osname>/<osarch>, where <[<osname> specified the operating sytem name (in case of an embedded Linux system, this is Linux), and <[<osarch> specifies the processor architecture. The processor architecture must match the output of the command uname -m on the target system.

This can be accomplished in two ways. The first is to use a bundle specification file where, at the code element, you explicitely specify the target operating system name and architecture using the platform attribute. Example:

<code platform="Linux/armv5tejl">
    bin/Linux/armv5tejl/*.so
</code>

Alternatively, you can omit the platform attribute, and instead specify the target operating system name and architecture as command line arguments to the Bundle Creator tool. This is done using the <[--osname (or <[-n), and <[--osarch (or <[-a) command line arguments.

Note that when cross-compiling an OSP application, you must build the POCO and OSP libraries and executables twice — once for the host system, and once for the target system. When using the build system from the POCO C++ Libraries, libraries and executables for both the host and the target system(s) can be kept in parallel. To support cross-compiling a bundle, the Makefile for building a bundle using the POCO build system must be modified as follows:

BUNDLE_TOOL = $(POCO_BASE)/OSP/BundleCreator/bin/$(POCO_HOST_OSNAME)/$(POCO_HOST_OSARCH)/bundle

include $(POCO_BASE)/build/rules/global

objects = Greeter

target         = com.appinf.osp.samples.greeter
target_version = 1
target_libs    = PocoOSP PocoUtil PocoXML PocoFoundation

postbuild      = $(BUNDLE_TOOL) -o../bundles Greeter.bndlspec -a$(OSARCH)

include $(POCO_BASE)/build/rules/dylib