Poco::Net

class HTTPClientSession

Library: Net
Package: HTTPClient
Header: Poco/Net/HTTPClientSession.h

Description

This class implements the client-side of a HTTP session.

To send a HTTP request to a HTTP server, first instantiate a HTTPClientSession object and specify the server's host name and port number.

Then create a HTTPRequest object, fill it accordingly, and pass it as argument to the sendRequst() method.

sendRequest() will return an output stream that can be used to send the request body, if there is any.

After you are done sending the request body, create a HTTPResponse object and pass it to receiveResponse().

This will return an input stream that can be used to read the response body.

See RFC 2616 <http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc2616.html> for more information about the HTTP protocol.

Proxies and proxy authorization (only HTTP Basic Authorization) is supported. Use setProxy() and setProxyCredentials() to set up a session through a proxy.

Inheritance

Direct Base Classes: HTTPSession

All Base Classes: HTTPSession

Known Derived Classes: HTTPSClientSession

Member Summary

Member Functions: getHost, getKeepAliveTimeout, getPort, getProxyHost, getProxyPassword, getProxyPort, getProxyUsername, mustReconnect, proxyAuthenticate, proxyAuthenticateImpl, proxyConnect, proxyRequestPrefix, proxyTunnel, receiveResponse, reconnect, reset, secure, sendRequest, setHost, setKeepAliveTimeout, setPort, setProxy, setProxyCredentials, setProxyHost, setProxyPassword, setProxyPort, setProxyUsername, write

Inherited Functions: abort, attachSessionData, attachSocket, buffered, clearException, close, connect, connected, detachSocket, get, getKeepAlive, getTimeout, networkException, peek, read, receive, refill, sessionData, setException, setKeepAlive, setTimeout, socket, write

Enumerations

Anonymous protected

DEFAULT_KEEP_ALIVE_TIMEOUT = 8

Constructors

HTTPClientSession

HTTPClientSession();

Creates an unconnected HTTPClientSession.

HTTPClientSession

explicit HTTPClientSession(
    const StreamSocket & socket
);

Creates a HTTPClientSession using the given socket. The socket must not be connected. The session takes ownership of the socket.

HTTPClientSession

explicit HTTPClientSession(
    const SocketAddress & address
);

Creates a HTTPClientSession using the given address.

HTTPClientSession

HTTPClientSession(
    const std::string & host,
    Poco::UInt16 port = HTTPSession::HTTP_PORT
);

Creates a HTTPClientSession using the given host and port.

Destructor

~HTTPClientSession virtual

virtual ~HTTPClientSession();

Destroys the HTTPClientSession and closes the underlying socket.

Member Functions

getHost inline

const std::string & getHost() const;

Returns the host name of the target HTTP server.

getKeepAliveTimeout inline

const Poco::Timespan & getKeepAliveTimeout() const;

Returns the connection timeout for HTTP connections.

getPort inline

Poco::UInt16 getPort() const;

Returns the port number of the target HTTP server.

getProxyHost inline

const std::string & getProxyHost() const;

Returns the proxy host name.

getProxyPassword inline

const std::string & getProxyPassword() const;

Returns the password for proxy authentication.

getProxyPort inline

Poco::UInt16 getProxyPort() const;

Returns the proxy port number.

getProxyUsername inline

const std::string & getProxyUsername() const;

Returns the username for proxy authentication.

receiveResponse virtual

virtual std::istream & receiveResponse(
    HTTPResponse & response
);

Receives the header for the response to the previous HTTP request.

The returned input stream can be used to read the response body. The stream is valid until sendRequest() is called or the session is destroyed.

It must be ensured that the response stream is fully consumed before sending a new request and persistent connections are enabled. Otherwise, the unread part of the response body may be treated as part of the next request's response header, resulting in a Poco::Net::MessageException being thrown.

In case a network or server failure happens while reading the response body from the returned stream, the stream state will change to bad or fail. In this case, reset() should be called if the session will be reused and persistent connections are enabled to ensure a new connection will be set up for the next request.

reset

void reset();

Resets the session and closes the socket.

The next request will initiate a new connection, even if persistent connections are enabled.

This should be called whenever something went wrong when sending a request (e.g., sendRequest() or receiveResponse() throws an exception, or the request or response stream changes into fail or bad state, but not eof state).

secure virtual

virtual bool secure() const;

Return true if and only if the session uses SSL or TLS, or false otherwise.

sendRequest virtual

virtual std::ostream & sendRequest(
    HTTPRequest & request
);

Sends the header for the given HTTP request to the server.

The HTTPClientSession will set the request's Host and Keep-Alive headers accordingly.

The returned output stream can be used to write the request body. The stream is valid until receiveResponse() is called or the session is destroyed.

In case a network or server failure happens while writing the request body to the returned stream, the stream state will change to bad or fail. In this case, reset() should be called if the session will be reused and persistent connections are enabled to ensure a new connection will be set up for the next request.

setHost

void setHost(
    const std::string & host
);

Sets the host name of the target HTTP server.

The host must not be changed once there is an open connection to the server.

setKeepAliveTimeout

void setKeepAliveTimeout(
    const Poco::Timespan & timeout
);

Sets the connection timeout for HTTP connections.

setPort

void setPort(
    Poco::UInt16 port
);

Sets the port number of the target HTTP server.

The port number must not be changed once there is an open connection to the server.

setProxy

void setProxy(
    const std::string & host,
    Poco::UInt16 port = HTTPSession::HTTP_PORT
);

Sets the proxy host name and port number.

setProxyCredentials

void setProxyCredentials(
    const std::string & username,
    const std::string & password
);

Sets the username and password for proxy authentication. Only Basic authentication is supported.

setProxyHost

void setProxyHost(
    const std::string & host
);

Sets the host name of the proxy server.

setProxyPassword

void setProxyPassword(
    const std::string & password
);

Sets the password for proxy authentication. Only Basic authentication is supported.

setProxyPort

void setProxyPort(
    Poco::UInt16 port
);

Sets the port number of the proxy server.

setProxyUsername

void setProxyUsername(
    const std::string & username
);

Sets the username for proxy authentication. Only Basic authentication is supported.

mustReconnect protected virtual

virtual bool mustReconnect() const;

Checks if we can reuse a persistent connection.

proxyAuthenticate protected virtual

virtual void proxyAuthenticate(
    HTTPRequest & request
);

Sets the proxy credentials (Proxy-Authorization header), if proxy username and password have been set.

proxyAuthenticateImpl protected

void proxyAuthenticateImpl(
    HTTPRequest & request
);

Sets the proxy credentials (Proxy-Authorization header), if proxy username and password have been set.

proxyConnect protected

StreamSocket proxyConnect();

Sends a CONNECT request to the proxy server and returns a StreamSocket for the resulting connection.

proxyRequestPrefix protected virtual

virtual std::string proxyRequestPrefix() const;

Returns the prefix prepended to the URI for proxy requests (e.g., "http://myhost.com").

proxyTunnel protected

void proxyTunnel();

Calls proxyConnect() and attaches the resulting StreamSocket to the HTTPClientSession.

reconnect protected

void reconnect();

Connects the underlying socket to the HTTP server.

write protected virtual

int write(
    const char * buffer,
    std::streamsize length
);

Tries to re-connect if keep-alive is on.